Myagmarjav.B  /Sc.D and Prof/         


Development   Problems   of the World

Nomadic Livestock Husbandry


Volume- 1 UB  2004  , 35  p.p 


           In this book , author describes the connection and correlation  between nomadic livestock husbandry and agriculture , haymaking, food and light industry, foreign  trade in the basis of real economical factors. For example, is described the criterion, of  light industry by calories per person,  from this calories originated from animals  ; protein by each countries. The correlation between light industry  and nomadic livestock  husbandry is found out n the size of main raw materials such as wool and leather  production. The world countries with  nomadic livestock husbandry have derived  benefit from animated livestock such as cow, sheep and goat by exporting to the foreign markets. Also these countries   export meat of cow,  goat and horse  and not washed wool and weak milk. We are determine the growth  and density of  meat, milk ,wool and  weak milk exporting in  1975, 1985, and 1993  years by  the world   countries having the nomadic livestock husbandry.

Also in this book is considered the connection of nomadic livestock husbandry with social, economical and political  factors .Author underline widely opportunities  for further joint surveys  and changing in formation between  the countries  having a nomadic livestock husbandry  in spite of differentiation of the civilizations and religions. In the final part of this chapter author determines by 2001, 23,5  percent of the world horse livestock or 13,6 millions horses,  17.1  percent of the world camel or 1807 millions camel , 39 percent of world sheep or 412 millions sheep, 38.3  percent or 265.6 millions goats have located in the world countries having a nomadic livestock husbandry  . In this region have located 30 percent of all the world livestock   ,1/3 percent of pastureland ,  and populated about 40 countries of the Asia and Africa. In percent transformation period the Mongolian nomadic livestock husbandry  provides the population, by food needs in  a sufficient level; the light industry and foreign trade by products  and natural raw materials ; the nomadic   civilization by history and tradition ; the nature  and environment by pastoral land using          and moving.  And it  positively  influences n food safety  of national culture both civilization  ; and the ecological safety, as nomadic livestock husbandry   provides the  national safely.


1. Author includes to the regions having a nomadic livestock husbandry  20  countries of Asia and 20 countries of Africa in result of comparative studies of many   research works of the scholars by using distinctly systematical criterions. The differentiation  on countries having the nomadic animal  husbandry and distinction between these types of an  economy.

2. The Africa and Arabian countries have the season ; Therefore here  exists nomadism type on temperate  and humidity  seasons. Also subtypes divided   into borderland of nomads  by all nomadism  Sahelia.

3..There are features of labor loading and methods for livestock breeding of nomads   by all nomadism types.


4. If compared with  countries having settlement husbandry  the population   growth f the countries having a nomadic livestock husbandry  is higher. And it  influence development nomadic  livestock husbandry .

5.75-85%  percent of herdsmen-  nomads  of  Asia and Africa  live in the regions having a nomadic livestock husbandly.

6. To export  these  product to the African countries having long tradition of the using nomadic livestock husbandry “ s product.

7.    To export these product to the high developed countries   having needs for using the ecological pure products. The index for food   and agriculture is  the most important criterion for  reveals the changing process of  macro  condition of livestock husbandry .

8.Two basic branches of agriculture as an agrarian and livestock husbandry   have a differently densities in countries . Such as , in the Mongolia ,  Bostwana  , Ethiopia and Algeria the livestock husbandry  has the main position and the Afghanistan, Chad and Syria the agrarian has a main position.

- In the region having nomadic livestock husbandry   has located the 15 percent of the world cultivated field and in  the last 30   years a crop from each  hectare grows  on 1.6  time , also in this period in settlement  livestock husbandry   a crop from each hectare had grew in 2.3 times.

9. Livestock nourishment prepared from haymaking   competes the  nourishment basis of livestock and saves  from gang /dryness/  an d  zud / livestock plague / 

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